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Swimming Pool Tips

Recreational Water Illness and Chemical Injuries

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Nearly all people love to engage in recreational activities especially at their free time, after doing some work or during the holidays to entertain and relax themselves. There are several indoor and outdoor activities that can be done for recreation such as skiing, swimming, snorkeling, skateboarding and many more.

Swimming or any other water related activity for recreation can be fun but one should be aware of the risk of contracting recreational water illness which is an infection that is caused when one gets in contact with or swallows polluted water from swimming pools, rivers, hot tubs, Spas, lakes, and oceans. Recreational water illness can manifest through various symptoms like wounds on some parts of the body, pain in the stomach, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting loss of appetite, fatigue, and fever as well.

Also, recreational water activities can lead to chemical injuries which refer to the chemical burns one’s skin can suffer when in contact with water that is chemically treated by corrosive substances often found in swimming pools. In most cases, the symptoms of the chemical injury will be itchy skin, pain, blisters and rashes and visible dead skin.

How recreational water illness is spread

When people suffering from diarrhea or any other intestinal diseases swim in a pool, any tiny spot of their excrement is enough to release countless germs into the water that can cause infection to those who get in contact with or swallow the contaminated water.

Other infections can be caused by germs that live naturally in pools due to poor pool cleaning and maintenance thus the reason why a pool must be cleaned and treated by a swimming pool expert as required.

If one prefers to swim in warm swimming pools, it is important to take measures against Naegleria Fowleri which is an ameba that thrives in warm water and causes deadly brain infection.

How to Prevent Recreational illness and chemical injury

The first way to ensure prevention of these infections and injuries is to employ a swimming pool expert to clean, treat and filtrate the pool regularly as it should with the correct concentrations of chemicals. Also, it is important for any plant such as algae in the pool to be removed because it can provide a breeding area for harmful organisms that cause diseases.

For those engaging in recreation, they should avoid swimming if they are suffering from any ailments. Also, before starting any water recreation activity, one should have a bath to ensure that there is no pool contamination as well. Again after the activity, a bath is important in order to wash away chemicals and any other germs got from the pool.

In conclusion, when swimming one should avoid swallowing or getting pool water into the mouth since the water might be contaminated with disease-causing germs. For chemical injury, if one has sensitive skin, enquiring about the chemicals used to treat a pool before going ahead to swim will be helpful. Finally, learning the early signs of chemical injury to avoid further burns or even permanent skin damage is very important as well.

Be Aware Of Your Specific Swimming Pool Regulations

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As much as swimming pool laws and regulations seem universal, specific sets of swimming pool regulations apply to different types of pool owners and pool owners from different states. Knowing the specific swimming pool regulations that apply to a swimming pool can reduce the pool owner’s liability and also go a long way in the prevention of disastrous swimming pool incidents.

Insurance Cover

A residential homeowner is not required by law to have insurance coverage for his swimming pool, although one is recommended since disastrous pool incidents can occur without warning. However, insurance coverage for public swimming pool owners is a necessity that is enforced by the local swimming pool regulations of any state. This applies to swimming pools owned by commercial enterprises, clubs, hotels and municipalities.

Failure to have an insurance cover for the said swimming pool owners effectively revokes their right to operate and open their doors to the public. This is because, a typical public pool insurance policy not only covers liability exposures but also encompasses pool property, which includes the actual facility, the lifeguards, pool safety equipment and even sexual molestation cases in some instances.

Waivers

Although technically not all public swimming pools will require their patrons to sign some waivers before getting in the pool, some states make this compulsory, especially in the presence of swimming pool facilities such as diving boards and slides. Residential pool owners are not required by law to do so but can also use waivers to mitigate liability.

Barriers

Swimming pool regulations concerning the fencing and the installation of barriers around the pool are often specified within the State’s, city’s or county’s local regulations and entail all the specifics including the measurements and the material.

Trained Poolside Personnel

Not every state requires a swimming pool to have a life guard on duty every time the pool is operational. This usually depends on the public pool’s main source of income. Swimming pools that charge their patrons directly are not obligated to have lifeguards on duty at all times.

However, public swimming pools that are administered using public funds will often require a lifeguard on duty or the necessary warning signs put in place. In any case, most states do not allow public swimming pools to operate without a trained lifeguard on duty.

Poolside Regulations

In almost all the states, public swimming pools are supposed to instate a limit on the age of children who can swim without supervision. The hours of operation must also be clearly posted in sight of everyone to prevent people from coming to the swimming pool when no personnel are available. State law may also touch on issues such as the lifeguard to swimmer ratio, the availability of an emergency line at the poolside and the level of certification of the staff.

Taking the necessary precautions in addition to adhering to these simple poolside regulations can be instrumental in mitigating liability for the pool owner in the event a tragic swimming pool-related incident occurs. Be familiar with your state’s regulations in addition to the specific guidelines that apply to the particular type of swimming pool you own.

Swimming Pool Accident Facts

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7 % of all injury-related deaths are caused by accidents that occur in and around the swimming pool area. In fact, drowning is the 3rd leading cause of accidental death in the world, making swimming one of the most dangerous recreational activities we partake in.

In summary, teenagers are the most susceptible to injuries and deaths from diving-related accidents, with 6,500 cases reported every year. The bulk of swimming pool injuries occur in in-ground swimming pools. Over half the reported swimming pool injuries and deaths occur when alcohol and drugs are involved, which is usually at a pool party. 80 % of the reported swimming pool accidents take place in water that is 4 feet or less in depth.

Primary Causes of Swimming Pool Injuries

Unexpectedly, 70 % of all the injuries sustained at the swimming pool are head and neck injuries. These are sustained from headfirst dives either from the board or from the side of the pool and are often fatal.

Cannonballs and random jumps cause about 18 % of the total number of pool-related injuries reported every year. Although not often fatal, these usually cause cuts and bruises, or sometimes fractured bones. These are by far the most common as even professional swimmers fall victim every once in a while.

Dangerous flips and handstands result in about 12 % of the swimming-pool related injuries every year. Most swimming pools have strict regulations that ban such “horseplay” in and around the pool area.

While it is easy to point a finger at the diving board, the Spinal Cord Injury Information Network concluded that diving boards are only responsible for about 10 % of all swimming pool diving accidents.

Swimming Pool Drowning Deaths

Statistics released from the World Health Organization and the Center for Disease Control show that the figures about annual deaths caused by drowning in swimming pools, are staggering. An estimated 372,000 drowning deaths are reported every year, with about 3,536 people drowning every year in the United States alone.

According to the CDC, drowning is the leading cause of accidental death in children between the ages of 1 and 4. On average, 390 children lose their lives in the swimming pool or the spa every year, according to the Consumer Product Safety commission. In fact, statistics show that 76 % of the deaths caused by drowning in the United States annually involve children below the age of 5 years, while those below the age of 3 years make up for 67 % of all swimming pool drowning deaths.

In relation to swimming pool injuries, the CDC reported that for every child who drowns, 5 more are rushed to the emergency room with a swimming pool-related injury. Almost half of the swimming pool incidences (47 %) have unsurprisingly occurred at residential pools, while 27 % have taken place at public swimming pools and spas.

From these statistics, it is evident that some of the most pertinent risk factors include age, with children being affected the most, gender, where males are more susceptible to drowning than females are, proximity to water, natural disasters such as flooding and alcohol and drug abuse.

Adhering to the various swimming pool regulations and poolside rules is so far the only way we can prevent these unnecessary deaths and injuries that occur in swimming pools.

Backyard Safety – Swimming Pools

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Backyard swimming pools are recreational facilities that can provide wholesome fun for the whole family in the warm weather. Besides being great fun, swimming is one of the best ways to stay in shape for everyone and is highly recommended by fitness experts as an effective way to proportionately lose weight and stay fit.

However, owning a backyard swimming pool does come with its own set of responsibilities, especially when it comes to the safety of the people using the swimming pool. There are a number of things that could go wrong in a swimming pool. The dangers of backyard swimming pools include drowning, fractured body parts and sometimes, even electrocution.

As such, backyard safety rules should be considered as not just a formality, but guidelines that could potentially save lives.

The 5 Cardinal Guidelines of Backyard Swimming Pool Safety

Swimming pool safety rules might vary depending on the location of the pool, the type of pool or the users who frequent the pool. However, the most vital guidelines to pool safety, regardless of a swimming pool’s specifications, can be exhaustively captured in the following 5 cardinal rules.

Rule # 1: Never Leave Children Unattended in The Swimming Pool

Sadly, there are too many real-life examples of why leaving your children to swim unattended is a bad idea. Drowning is one of the leading causes of death among children below the age of 5 years. A split second could save a drowning child, the same way a minute of inattention could result in catastrophe.

For adults supervising children in the water, your attention should be wholly focused on the swimming pool, not diverted to a book or your phone. Reaction times in case of an emergency will sometimes determine whether the injured child will pull through.

Rule # 2: Ensure That All Your Pool Facilities Are in Compliance with the Regulations

The suction power of a regular pool drain is enough to hold down a perfectly healthy adult long enough to drown them. Installing a pool drain cover is far from the end of it. You should also ensure that there are no partial gaps left and that the cover meets all standard regulations.

Rule # 3: Keep the Pool Area Properly Fenced and Locked Down When Not in Use

A proper pool barrier entails an unclimbable fence, child-proof locks on all the entries and alarm systems for when the area is accessed without adult consent. The entries should ideally be self-latching in case an adult forgets to lock them.

Rule # 4: Invest in Professional Swimming Lessons for Kids

Equipping children with the right swimming skills is very important for them, especially if done while they’re still young. Alongside the lessons, you should familiarize them with the various poolside regulations and instate a strict “No Diving” rule to prevent them from seriously injuring themselves.

Rule # 5: Ensure the Pool Equipment is Properly Maintained at All Times

Pool equipment and facilities break down and wear out with age. Regular checks are often done by pool installers for free and could help prevent accidents such as electrocution in the pool, which has an alarmingly high casualty rate. Regular inspections will cost you nothing and will give you peace of mind knowing that your backyard swimming pool is safe for use by your loved ones.

Learning CPR should be on the list of things to do once you install a backyard swimming pool. Don’t be caught flatfooted in a situation that could be easily resolved by basic first aid-skills. Poolside safety requires one to be vigilant for the sake of the pool users’ safety.

Alcohol And Swimming Pools – A Dangerous Combination

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Consuming alcohol before undertaking activities that require concentration (or any type of sober judgment for that matter) is generally a bad idea. We know how catastrophic drinking and driving can be, and how drinking on the job can lead to some serious workplace injuries.

However, combining alcohol and a swimming pool or a hot tub almost always results in tragedy, a fact that many are yet to understand the full implications of.

Having alcoholic beverages in and around artificial bodies of water is sadly evolving into a social norm as parties that are centered on pools and hot tubs are becoming more and more popular.

The need to educate people on the dangers of combining alcohol and swimming pools is now urgent because according to statistics, in 41 percent of the pool-related deaths of people between the age of 15 and 29 years, alcohol plays a role.

Why Is Alcohol So Bad When Swimming?

It goes without saying that creating a false sense of security is one of the biggest effects of consuming alcohol. This explains why people are often more willing to undertake unnecessary risks and do things that normally they would think twice about.

The Same case applies to alcohol and swimming. One can gravely misjudge the depth of a pool and dive to his/her own death. Some may suddenly feel confident enough to perform feats that require athlete-like stamina, which would ultimately lead to a fatal outcome.

A few other reasons why mixing alcohol and swimming pools is not advisable to include:

1. Impairs Judgment and Mars Coordination

Some of the effects of alcohol include numbing the senses and dramatically messing up the body’s coordination. This is why simple exercises like walking on a straight line for a short distance become impossible. Alcohol also prevents you from perceiving distances, depth and situations accurately.

2. Alcohol May Promote Hypothermia

When the body gets cold, blood is diverted from the limbs to the vital organs in order to help them retain heat. Alcohol will inhibit the body from doing this and if the water is cold enough (as swimming pools tend to be), a person will be at greater risk of death whether they get out of the water safely or not.

3. Alcohol Disorients and Impedes Quick Reactions

Walking, one of the simplest exercises one can undertake usually becomes more challenging after consuming alcohol. This is why swimming while inebriated can never result in anything positive.

In addition to inducing sudden temperature changes that can greatly disorient a person, alcohol also makes reactions drag out, thereby making one incapable of saving oneself in the event of an emergency.

4. Alcohol Significantly Reduces the Chances of CPR Being Effective

Once an accident occurs to a person in an inebriated state, first responders usually count on the person’s general health and state of the body to assist in recuperation. If the body is already heavily impeded from normal functioning by alcohol, the chances of simple resuscitation procedures such as CPR being effective are slim at best, and quite often, the person does not pull through.

Alcohol should be banned from the poolside area in general because all it takes is a slight loss of balance to end up in a life-threatening situation. Pool owners should always ensure that inebriated individuals stay away from swimming pools as they pose a significant danger to themselves and other pool users.

Wrongful Death Suit – When Swimming Pools Cease Being Fun

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Tragedy can strike unexpectedly especially around the swimming pool area. The popular recreational activity comes with its fair share of dangers and—as we have seen before on numerous occasions—it can turn grim in a number of unexpected ways.

When should I file a wrongful death suit?

Losing a loved one in an incident that was the result of another person’s negligence warrants you to file a wrongful death suit against that person. In many instances, the pool owner is liable regardless of whether he/she was present during the time of the incident. This is especially so if the accident was caused by a fault/insufficiency pertaining to the swimming pool itself or the poolside area.

You are eligible to file a suit against the pool owner following the death of a loved one on his/her property IF the death was a result of at least one of the following:

  • Negligence on the part of the swimming pool owner – an obvious lack of adherence to swimming pool safety guidelines makes the swimming pool owner directly liable for the death of your loved one. If for instance the victim was tripped by a rope, cable, or an object that was not supposed to be around the swimming pool area, this can be chalked down as negligence on the part of the pool owner.
  • A poorly equipped swimming pool facility – faulty pool structures such as unmaintained surfaces and faulty electronic components can easily lead to the death of individuals within the swimming pool. Children are especially prone to getting stuck in uncovered pool drains while exposed wires or faulty electronic appliances may lead to the electrocution of everyone in and around the pool.
  • Lack of proper safety equipment around the pool – In the event of an accident in the swimming pool, the life-guard/supervisor has only seconds to react as even the slightest delay can lead to the death or permanent injury of a swimmer. If, for instance, the poolside is not properly equipped with Coast-Guard approved life jackets and safety rings, this could delay rescue missions significantly and increase the risk of death when an accident happens.
  • Lack of properly trained lifeguards – a life guard’s role is not just to ensure that the swimming pool safety rules are adhered to, he/she is also the first responder in the event of an emergency. If the death of your loved one occurred due to an inexperienced or reckless lifeguard, it is the swimming pool owner that will be held accountable. Also, it is the legal obligation of swimming pool owners to ensure that there are enough lifeguards supervising the swimming pool.
  • Lack of clear signage – Although swimming pool owners are required to put up clear warning signs around the pool, they cannot hide behind the signs in the event of a lawsuit IF the death was as a result of any of the above causes.

When should I not file a wrongful death suit?

  • If the death of your loved one resulted from horseplay and/or activities that were restricted in and around the pool area such as running or diving in a shallow pool, it is not advisable to sue the pool owner, especially if the pool meets all the required pool safety standards.
  • If the victim died from natural causes that were in no way connected to the status of the pool or any insufficiencies of the pool area, you may not have the proper standard of proof which is necessary for you to win the case.

Although pool owners are legally obligated to ensure the safety of the individuals occupying the swimming pool at all times, the swimmers also have a role to play in ensuring their own safety by adhering to the various safety procedures around the pool area.

Swimming Pool Safety Procedures – Do Not Be Caught Unawares

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Being well-versed in the necessary pool safety procedures could mean the difference between life and death in case of an incident. As a pool owner, it could also help you avoid a lot of legal drama if an incident borne from negligence on your part results in the injury or death of an individual. Swimming is a fun recreational activity for people of all ages and also a fantastic way to maintain bodily fitness and optimum health. However, by not observing the necessary pool safety procedures, you could be signing up for a whole lot of trouble.

There are important swimming pool safety guidelines that every pool owner and/or swimmer should be familiar with. While most of them seem obvious, many of us find ourselves ignoring one or two of these safety procedures, especially those that seem “trivial”. To be on the safe side, the following list of pool safety guidelines should give you an idea of what is expected from both the pool owner and the swimmer in and around the swimming pool area.

  • Invest in good swimming lessons especially for your children. Ensure that they learn the proper way to swim from an early age as this will help them develop their skills significantly and be more proficient swimmers as they grow up thereby minimizing the risk of drowning.
  • Ensure that there is constant supervision from a certified life guard, trainer or adult with good swimming skills. In the event of an emergency, the presence of a supervisor who can navigate the waters quickly enough to access a person in distress could save that person’s life or even prevent any significant injury.
  • Always have the proper pool equipment around the pool area. These include Coast-Guard approved life jackets, life rings attached to long ropes, a fiberglass shepherd pole and a well-equipped first aid kit. Ensure that the supervising adult knows how to use all of the mentioned equipment in order to reduce reaction times and improve chances of survival in case of an emergency.
  • The pool owner should ensure that the poolside area is free from obstacles that might cause the swimmers to trip and fall or cause injuries to themselves in any way. Pool covers should be placed well out of the way and the ropes tied neatly to avoid anyone getting entangled in them.
  • Swimmers should not be allowed to enter the pool from anywhere other than the shallow end. Moreover, if the pool has a depth of 1.5 meters or less, diving should be restricted at all costs.
  • It is the responsibility of the pool owner to ensure that the pool side has a functioning alarm system to alert other swimmers in case of an emergency. These may include a PA system or a bell. Also, the poolside should have a functioning telephone which may be required to dial for emergency services in the event of a pool incident.
  • Pool attendants/supervisors should enforce a strict “No Running” rule around the pool area due to the very slippery surface surrounding the pool.
  • Every pool area should be bordered by an appropriate barrier with lockable entries placed beyond the reach of children. Also, no child should be allowed into the swimming area without adult supervision.

In addition to adhering to these rules and regulations, being well versed in CPR is also advisable as the skills will come in handy in the event of an emergency. Swimming pool owners should also restrict the entry of unsupervised toddlers or intoxicated individuals from the pool for obvious reasons.

Electrically Charged Pools – Know These Lurking Dangers

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Most of us are oblivious to one of the most significant dangers of swimming pools and other recreational artificial bodies of water. Getting electrocuted is the last thing anyone would expect to happen when swimming and as such, when it happens, we are rarely prepared.

Although not a common occurrence, 14 people have lost their lives to electrically charged pools over the last 11 years. Many more have suffered injuries ranging from mild to critically severe as a result of negligence, ignorance or a simple lack of knowledge on all the possible dangers of swimming pools.

Swimming pool electrocutions are extremely dangerous both to the individuals inside the pool and those within the immediate surroundings. This is because when it happens, swimmers become immobilized and worse, they become active conduits for the electric current. As such, rescuers who do not observe the proper procedure often find themselves getting electrocuted as well in their attempt to free the victims, leading to a chain of catastrophic reactions that may very well lead to severe consequences.

How do pool electrocutions occur?

An electrically charged pool may be the result of a pump that hasn’t been properly grounded or faulty/improperly installed pool equipment such as heaters and lights. It can also occur when you use electrical appliances or place extension cords near the pool. When this happens, every metallic surface, nearby puddle of water, and person who is in contact with either of the two becomes a potential electrocution hazard.

In the event of an emergency, it is crucial to be prepared in the following ways:

  • Know exactly where all the circuit breakers are positioned in and around the pool. Your first course of action would be to switch them off immediately the individuals in the pool begin to exhibit any signs of being shocked.
  • Find a non-conductive object to try and get them out of the pool as quickly as possible. It is prudent to own a fiberglass or wooden shepherd’s hook as you can use this to pull the victims to safety without causing harm to yourself
  • Call for emergency services immediately everyone is out of the pool and administer CPR if you know how to. Some victims may be knocked out by the charge and might require first aid to get the water out of their lungs.

Preventative Measures

The most effective way to ensure that no one gets injured or killed in a pool electrocution incident is to ensure that it does not occur in the first place. Here are some of the precautions you should observe to that effect:

  1. Do NOT swim shortly before, during or shortly after a thunderstorm.
  2. Ensure that a qualified electrician who is certified in pool and spa repairs and installation sets up your swimming pool for you.
  3. Junction boxes and electrical wires should be placed at least 5 feet away from the water.
  4. Install GFCIs (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters) on pool appliances such as pumps, heaters, the lights within the pool and any lights within 20 feet of the water as an added measure of protection in case a fault occurs. This device will automatically cut off the power when it detects that it is flowing through an unintended path such as water, a metallic object or any other conductive object. Perform regular tests to ensure that it is functioning at all times.

Always inspect the pool and its surroundings for signs of broken conduits, cracked concrete or stray, high-voltage wires. Pool installers often conduct inspections free of charge so you should not hesitate to call on one when you feel the need to have a professional around to conduct a proper inspection.

Legal Obligations of Property Owners with Swimming Pools

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Following any incidences that have occurred in a swimming pool, the property owner is always held accountable for any injuries, damages, or death. Most people fail to grasp the amount of responsibility that comes with owning a pool until they have to face the legal ramifications as a result of negligence. As a pool owner, you should be familiar with your legal obligations to keep the people swimming in your pool safe. Therefore, before you make the decision to own a backyard pool, here are some of the legal obligations pool owners have to shoulder.

1. Supervision

Supervision goes beyond monitoring children and teenagers in the swimming pool. Supervising adults is just as important. Anyone can drown in a swimming pool regardless of age or swimming ability. The suction power of the pool drain is strong enough to hold any full grown adult long enough to result in fatal consequences. Keeping an eye on the pool when it is in use can help to prevent a lot of nasty incidences.

2. Your Pool should be well equipped

Nothing will flip the odds on you faster than evidence of negligence and sub-standard pool equipment. Regardless of the size or purpose of your swimming pool, never skimp on pool equipment. You should possess all the necessary flotation devices and keep them handy by the poolside where they can be used to save a life.

3. Create a Barrier or Hire a Constant Supervisor

If your swimming pool does not have any barriers or fences to keep people away when you are not around, ensure that it is constantly under watch by a skilled adult. An open pool spells potential danger to any wandering children when there are no adults to supervise.

4. Hygiene

Your swimming pool should be regularly cleaned and chlorinated to avoid causing ailments such as asthma and skin conditions to the swimmers. Ideally, you should have it cleaned after every swimming session since the germs from our bodies constitute the worst kind of swimming pool contaminant. Avoid unnecessary litigations by installing a shower near the pool to facilitate showering before and after swimming.

5. Get an Insurance Policy

No matter how many safety precautions you take, it is always prudent to get insurance just to be on the safe side. Accidents always happen and it will benefit you greatly to be well prepared to cope with the situation in case anyone gets hurt or drowns in your swimming pool. Swimming pool experts recommend getting at least $1,000,000 worth of insurance.

A few other things you are legally responsible for as a pool owner is the people you allow inside your pool or premises. Do not let inebriated individuals into the swimming pool because in case they injure themselves or drown, you will be held fully accountable for allowing them to endanger their lives within your premises. Remove all the toys from the pool after swimming to prevent children from being tempted to go into the water when no one is around. A mere “keep out” sign will not do you much good in a lawsuit. Ensure that you are well familiarized with all the legal obligations of a swimming pool owner.

Pool Fencing and Young Children

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One of the most crucial pool safety requirements is the installation of adequate fencing around the pool. This is especially important if your household has any children of 5 years or less as they are the most prone to drowning when swimming unsupervised.

Although many people are well aware of the fact that their backyard pool should be fenced, only a few know the correct pool fencing requirements. This defeats the whole purpose of making the pool a safer place even for young children.

Pool Fencing Requirements

As any swimming pool expert will tell you, a fence or barrier can take many different forms but it has to adhere to a certain set of standards in order to be effective. Although the requirements may vary slightly depending on the location of the pool and the year it was built, they still contribute to ensuring that a pool fence is effective as a child-resistance barrier.

The following requirements are put in place solely for the purpose of preventing little children from being able to squeeze their way through any gaps or openings or being able to climb over the barrier.

1. All pool barriers should measure at least 1.2 meters high from the ground level. Going higher is entirely optional; going lower is not.

2. There should be no gaps bigger than 10cm both between the bottom of the fence and the ground and in between any vertical bars or planks in the barrier itself.

3. The fence should not be climbable. If you cannot avoid placing horizontal bars on the fence, you should space them not less than 90cm apart.

The surroundings of the pool also impact on how effective the barrier is especially when you consider the dexterity of young children who will climb anything to get what they want. As such:

1. The adjacent pool environment should be relatively non-climbable. This will require the removal of any overhanging trees or bushes. You should also ensure that objects such as ladders, tables, chairs, barbeque grills and any other climbable paraphernalia are at least 90cm away from the barrier.

2. Install child resistant gates, doors and windows if your pool fence or barrier requires one. To qualify as child resistant, the openings have to meet the following standards:

· Self-closing (i.e. swings shut on its own).

· Self-latching/locking.

· Also has a non-climbable surface and 90cm zone.

· The latches should be at least 150cm from the ground.

· It must open outwards from the pool.

· Should not have pet doors.

Windows must have locking devices that restrict the opening of the window to 10cm or less. They should also have a security screen.

Types of Pool Fences

There are numerous fencing options out there that will allow you to set up a barrier that matches the design of your house. There are three types of pool fences that are commonly used. These are:

· Aluminum Fences – these are widely preferred because of their elegant and ornamental appeal. They are also more durable than the rest as the aluminum is often powder-coated to enhance its resistance to corrosive agents and scratches. These are also a lot cheaper than iron fences and also significantly lighter.

· PVC – PVC fences are also a common poolside fence and this is mainly attributed to their cheapness and overall effectiveness. PVC barriers mainly consist of slats which are joined together to form a solid and very useful barrier.

· Wooden Fences – Although pricey, wood is great for poolside fencing. However, most people opt for the other options due to the relatively high maintenance requirements wood fences come with.

The simple act of creating an effective child-proof barrier around your pool can mean the difference when it comes to preventing accidental tragedies. Always ensure that your fence meets all the necessary requirements.